Laureate Philip Levine, Working Class Poet

Philip Levine

Now seems to be the right time to choose Philip Levine as our nation’s poet laureate, what with our official unemployment rate stubbornly refusing to  drop below 9 %. (Unofficially, unemployment is up around 16%.)  Raised in Michigan and once a factory worker, Levine often writes about rustbelt desolation, as he does in the following poem:

An Abandoned Factory, Detroit

by Philip Levine

The gates are chained, the barbed-wire fencing stands,
An iron authority against the snow,
And this grey monument to common sense
Resists the weather. Fears of idle hands,
Of protest, men in league, and of the slow
Corrosion of their minds, still charge this fence.

Beyond, through broken windows one can see
Where the great presses paused between their strokes
And thus remain, in air suspended, caught
In the sure margin of eternity.
The cast-iron wheels have stopped; one counts the spokes
Which movement blurred, the struts inertia fought,

And estimates the loss of human power,
Experienced and slow, the loss of years,
The gradual decay of dignity.
Men lived within these foundries, hour by hour;
Nothing they forged outlived the rusted gears
Which might have served to grind their eulogy.

Supposedly Levine wrote this poem about a plant in which he once worked, the Chevrolet Gear and Axle plant.  He hated the work and his poem is torn between the need for work as a foundation for self respect and work–factory work, anyway–as something that saps one’s dignity and grinds one down.

Someone has written that our new factories are our restaurants and fast food establishments.  From the point of management, these have the advantage of not being unionized.  There are no worries of “protest” or “men in league.”  But if Greece and now England serve as any kind of warning, “fears of idle hands” may start returning.  In much of his poetry, Levine captures the low simmering anger of the working class.

As I say, it’s the right time to have this poet as our laureate.

Go here to subscribe to the weekly newsletter summarizing the week’s posts. Your e-mail address will be kept confidential.

This entry was posted in Levine (Philip) and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.


  • Literature is as vital to our lives as food and shelter. Stories and poems help us work through the challenges we face, from everyday irritations to loneliness, heartache, and death. Literature is meant to mix it up with life. This website explores how it does so.

    Please feel free to e-mail me [rrbates (at) smcm (dot) edu]. I would be honored to hear your thoughts and questions about literature.

  • Sign up for weekly newsletter

    Your email will not be shared or sold.
    * = required field

    powered by MailChimp!
  • Twitter Authentication data is incomplete