Stepping over Every Dark Thing

James Audubon, White EgretJohn James Audubon, White Egret

If life seems hard at the moment, I have a poem that may lift you up: Mary Oliver’s “Egrets.”

Oliver is, if not the most popular poet writing in America today, at least among the top five. Her poems often function as prayers to a divine spirit running through nature. In this way, she comes out of the American transcendental tradition of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau, a tradition that includes, among others, Emily Dickinson.

Oliver also reminds me a lot of Robert Frost in the way that, even as she is describing something in nature, she simultaneously seems to be providing us with an allegory for our lives. In “Egrets” she even seems to be directly referring to the following passage from Frost’s poem “Birches”:

It’s when I’m weary of considerations,
And life is too much like a pathless wood
Where your face burns and tickles with the cobwebs
Broken across it, and one eye is weeping
From a twig’s having lashed across it open.

The allegories from “Egrets” work for me because Oliver’s descriptions are so exact. I have literally fought my way through “knotted catbrier” and battled with “wheeling and whining” mosquitoes.

But even those who haven’t may recognize these as effective symbols for those moments when they find themselves trudging painfully through life.  Those moments when the path seems to be closing over us and there is no expectation that anything will open up.

Upon reaching the black and empty pond, the poet believes that all her efforts have come to nothing. Here there seems to be nothing but bleached reeds.  But as so often occurs with Oliver, she is suddenly presented with a moment of grace. Here’s the poem:


Where the path closed
down and over,
through the scumbled leaves,
fallen branches,
through the knotted catbrier,
I kept going. Finally
I could not
save my arms
from thorns; soon
the mosquitoes
smelled me, hot
and wounded, and came
wheeling and whining.
And that’s how I came
to the edge of the pond:
black and empty
except for a spindle
of bleached reeds
at the far shore
which, as I looked,
wrinkled suddenly
into three egrets—
a shower
of white fire!
Even half-asleep they had
such faith in the world
that had made them—
tilting through the water,
unruffled, sure,
by the laws
of their faith not logic,
they opened their wings
softly and stepped
over every dark thing.

It is as though the egrets appear out of nothing. The water wrinkles and suddenly, magically, there is “a shower/of white fire!” The birds seem to tilt as they softly step through the water. It’s not even necessary for them to be entirely awake and alert because they have faith in the world that made them. They do not operate by our logic, which spends a lot of energy toting up its responsibilities and grievances and anxieties. They are unruffled by dark things.

And then they open their wings.

This entry was posted in Oliver (Mary) and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink. Comments are closed, but you can leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

One Trackback

  1. By The Silver Water Crushes Like Silk on April 22, 2012 at 8:55 am

    […] a poem like “Egrets,” for instance (which I posted on here), she describes a kind of crucifixion as the speaker forces herself through a pathless […]


  • Literature is as vital to our lives as food and shelter. Stories and poems help us work through the challenges we face, from everyday irritations to loneliness, heartache, and death. Literature is meant to mix it up with life. This website explores how it does so.

    Please feel free to e-mail me [rrbates (at) smcm (dot) edu]. I would be honored to hear your thoughts and questions about literature.

  • Sign up for weekly newsletter

    Your email will not be shared or sold.
    * = required field

    powered by MailChimp!
  • Twitter Authentication data is incomplete